Safety Issues

Be alert to the safety hazards in pools and spas—and how to prevent them.

Pool with rescue ring visibleSwimming pools and spas should always be happy places, yet each year many American families experience tragedies—drowning and non-fatal submersion injuries. Nearly all of these tragedies are preventable, and you can help.

The 2013 Pool and Spa Submersion: Estimated Injuries and Reported Fatalities Report from the CPSC shows that drowning deaths for children under the age of 15 averaged 390 annually between 2008 and 2010


Moreover, there were, on average, 5,100 pool- or spa-related, emergency department-treated submersion injuries for children younger than 15 years of age for 2010 through 2012. An unknown number of these hospitalizations resulted in permanent disability, including brain damage.

Through education and public awareness, the Pool Safely campaign is alerting the general public and industry professionals about water safety steps that improve safety at pools and spas nationwide. Adding an extra safety step in and around the water can make all the difference.

Drowning and Non-Fatal Submersion

Each year, too many children become victims of drowning and non-fatal submersion injuries. Each death means one more family tragedy.
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Preventing Drowning

The Pool Safely campaign is designed to alert consumers and industry professionals to the numerous water safety steps that can be adopted to significantly reduce the number of child drowning deaths that occur each year in the United States.
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Drain Entrapments

Learn about drain entrapments and how to prevent them.
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Who is Virginia Graeme Baker?

Seven-year-old Virginia Graeme Baker’s tragic death inspired her family to advocate for pool and spa safety and moved Congress to act to prevent entrapments. 
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The Pool and Spa Safety Act: Staff interpretation and updates


Find the most up to date requirements for the Virginia Graeme Baker Pool and Spa Safety Act.